Developed by Debbie Reese and Jean Mendoza




Children's Literature Page

A Sampling of Recommended Children's Books and Young Adult Literature

RF - Realistic Fiction; HF - Historical Fiction; NF - Nonfiction; P - Poetry; TL - Traditional Literature; B - Biography; AB - Autobiography; E - Elementary; M - Middle School; YA - Young Adult

Alexie, Sherman. (1994) Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight In Heaven. New York: Harperperennial. (RF - YA)

Allen, Paula Gunn. (2001) As Long As the Rivers Flow: The Stories of Nine Native Americans. New York: Scholastic (B - E/M)

Ancona, George. (1993) Powwow. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. (NF - All ages)

Ancona, George. (1995). Earth Daughter: Alicia of Acoma Pueblo. Macmillan. (NF - All ages)

Andrews, Jan. (1998). Very Last First Time. Aladdin (NF - All ages).

Archuleta, Margaret L., Brenda J. Child, and K. Tsianina Lomawaima. (2000) Away from Home: American Indian Boarding School Experiences. Phoenix: The Heard Museum. (NF - YA)

Braine, Susan. (1995). Drumbeat…Heartbeat: A Celebration of the Powwow. Lerner Pub. (NF - All ages)

Broker, Ignatia. (1983) Night Flying Woman. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society. (HF - YA)

Bruchac, Joseph. (1993). Fox Song. Philomel Books (F - E/M).

Bruchac, Joseph. (1995). The Story of the Milky Way. Dial Books for Young Readers (TL - All ages).

Bruchac, Joseph. (1996). Eagle Song. Dial (F - E/M).

Bruchac, Joseph. (1998) Arrow Over the Door. New York: Dial. (HF - E/M)

Bruchac, Joseph. (1997) Bowman's Store. New York: Dial. (Autobiography - M/YA)

Bruchac, Joseph. (1996) Children of the Longhouse. New York: Dial. (HF - E/M)

Bruchac, Joseph. (1998). Heart of a Chief. Dial (F - M).

Bruchac, Joseph. (2001) Skeleton Man. HarperCollins. (RF - M/YA)

Campbell, Maria. (1973) Halfbreed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (RF - M/YA)

Champagne, Duane. (1994) Chronology of Native North American History. Detroit: Gale Research (NF - All ages)

Champagne, Duane. (1994) Native America: Portrait of the Peoples. Detroit: Visible Ink Press. (NF - All ages)

Child, Brenda. (2000). Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900-1940. Bison Books Corporation. (NF - All ages)

Children of LaLoche & Friends. (1990). Byron through the Seasons. Fifth House Ltd. (F - E/M).

Crum, Robert. (1994). Eagle Drum: On the Powwow Trail with a Young Grass Dancer. Simon & Schuster. (NF - All ages)

Deloria, Ella. (1988) Waterlily. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. (HF - M/YA).

Deloria, Vine. (1969). Custer Died For Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto. New York: MacMillan. (NF - M/YA)

Dorris, Michael. (1994) Guests. New York: Scholastic (HF - E/M)

Dorris, Michael (1992) Morning Girl. New York: Scholastic (HF - E/M).

Dorris, Michael. (1996). Sees Behind Trees. New York: Scholastic (HF - E/M)

Dorris, Michael. (1998). The Window. Hyperion (F - M/YA).

Eastman, Charles. (1977) From the Deep Woods to Civilization. University of Nebraska Press. (AB - M/YA)

Eastman, Charles (1993) Indian Boyhood. Alexander, VA: Time Life Books. (AB - M/YA)

Ellis, Clyde. (1996). To Change Them Forever: Indian Education at the Rainy Mountain Boarding School, 1893-1920. University of Oklahoma Press. (NF - M/YA)

Erdrich, Louise. (1999). Grandmother's Pigeon. Hyperion (F - E).

Erdrich, Louise. (1999). Birchbark House. New York: Hyperion. (HF - E/M)

Eyvindson, Peter. (1984). Kyle's Bath. Pemmican Publications (F - E).

Eyvindson, Peter. (1988). Chester Bear, Where Are You? Pemmican Publications (F - E).

Gravelle, Karen. (1997). Growing Up Where the Partridge Drums Its Wings. Franklin Watts. (NF - All ages)

Francis, Lee. (1996). Native Time: A Historical Time Line of Native America. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. (NF - All Ages)

Geiogamah, Hanay & Darby, Jaye T., (1999). Stories of Our Way: An Anthology of American Indian Plays. Los Angeles: UCLA American Indian Studies Center. (Anthology - YA).

Hale, Janet Campbell. (1993). Bloodlines. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. (RF - YA).

Hale, Janet Campbell. (1998). The Owl's Song. University of New Mexico Press (RF - YA).

Harjo, Joy. (1996) Woman Who Fell From the Sky. W. W. Norton & Company (P - YA)

Harjo, Joy. (2000). The Good Luck Cat. (RF - E/M)

Hoyt-Goldsmith, Diane. (1991). Pueblo Storyteller. Holiday House. (NF - All ages)

Hoyt-Goldsmith, Diane. (1990), Totem Pole, Holiday House. (NF - All ages)

Hubbard, Jim. (1994) Shooting Back from the Reservation. (NF - All ages)

Hucko, Bruce. (1996) A Rainbow At Night: The World in Words and Pictures. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. (NF - All ages)

Hucko, Bruce. (1996). Where There Is No Name for Art: The Art of Tewa Pueblo Children. Santa Fe, N.M.: School of American Research: Distributed by the University of Washington Press. (NF - All ages)

Hungry Wolf, Beverly. (1980). The Ways of My Grandmothers. New York: Quill. (RF - YA)

Hunter, Sally, M. (1997) Four Seasons of Corn: A Winnebago Tradition. Photographs by Joe Allen. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co.,

Hunter, Sara Hoagland. (1996). The Unbreakable Code. Northland (RF - E/M).

Hyer, Sally. (1990). One House, One Voice, One Heart: Native American Education at the Santa Fe Indian School. Museum of New Mexico Press. (NF - All ages)

Johnson, Diane Hamm. (1997). Daughter of Suqua. Albert Whitman & Co. (RF - E/M).

Keeshig-Tobias, Lenore. (1991). Bird Talk. Sister Vision (RF - E/M).

Keeshig-Tobias, Lenore. (1997). Emma and the Trees. Sister Vision (RF - E/M).

King, Sandra. Shannon: An Ojibway Dancer. (1993). Photographs by Catherine Whipple. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co. (NF - All ages)

King, Thomas. (1993 ) One Good Story That One. Toronto: HarperPerennial. (RF - YA)

King, Thomas. (1991) Medicine River. NY: Penguin. (RF - YA)

King, Thomas. (1992) A Coyote Columbus Story. Toronto: Douglas McIntyre Ltd. (TL - M/YA)

King, Thomas. (2000) Truth and Bright Water. Atlantic Monthly Press. (RF - YA)

Krull, Kathleen. (1995). One Nation, Many Tribes: How Kids Live in Milwaukee's Indian Community. Lodestar. (NF - All ages)

Kusugak, Michael. (1993). Northern Lights: The Soccer Trails. Annick Press Ltd. (RF - E/M).

Kusugak, Michael. (1996). My Arctic 1, 2, 3. Annick Press Ltd. (RF - E).

Lacapa, Michael. (1993). Antelope Woman, An Apache Folktale. (TL - E/M)

Lacapa, Kathleen & Michael. (1994). Less Than Half, More Than Whole. Northland (RF - E/M).

LaFlesche, Francis. (1963)The Middle Five: Indian Schoolboys of the Omaha Tribe. Lincoln: U of Neb. Press. (NF - M/YA)

Littlechild, George. (1993) This Land is My Land. Children's Book Press. (RF - All ages)

Lomawaima, K. Tsianina (1994). They Called It Prairie Light. University of Nebraska Press (NF - M/YA).

Marra, Ben. (1996) Powwow: Images Along the Red Road. Photographs by Ben Marra. New York: Abrams. (NF - All ages)

McDonald, Megan. (1997). Tundra Mouse. Orchard Books (RF - E/M).

McMillan, Bruce. (1998) Salmon Summer. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. (NF - All ages)

Mercredi, Morningstar. (1997). Fort Chipewyan Homecoming: A Journey to Native Canada. Lerner Pub. (NF - All ages)

Mendoza, Durango (1994) "Summer Water and Shirley" in Judith A. Stanford, Ed. Connections: Reading and Writing in Cultural Contexts., Third Edition. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing, pp. 184-191. (Anthology - YA)

Momaday, N. Scott (1974) An Angle of Geese and Other Poems. Boston: Godine (P - YA)

Momaday, N. Scott (1999) Circle of Wonder. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. (RF - E/M)

Montour, Joel. (1996). Cloudwalker: Contemporary Native American Stories. Fulcrum (RF - M).

McNickle, D'Arcy.(1988) Wind from an Enemy Sky. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press (RF - YA)

Munsch, Robert. (1989). A Promise Is a Promise. Annick Press Ltd. (RF - E/).

Okanagan Tribal Council (1999) How Food Was Given, How Names Were Given, and How Turtle Set the Animals Free. Okanagan Tribal Council. (TL - All Ages)

Orie, Sandra DeCoteau. (1995) Did You Hear Wind Sing Your Name? An Oneida Song of Spring. New York: Walker & Co. (P - all ages)

Ortiz, Simon. (1988). The People Shall Continue. Children's Book Press. (P - all ages)

Parker, Dorothy R. (1996). Phoenix Indian School: The Second Half Century. University of Arizona Press. (NF - YA)

Peters, Russell. (1992) Clambake: A Wampanoag Tradition. Photographs by John Madama. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co., 1992. (NF - All ages)

Quoyawayma, Polingaysi. (1964). No Turning Back. A Hopi Indian Woman's Struggle to Live in Two Worlds. University of New Mexico Press (AB - M/YA).

Red Shirt, Delphine (1998). Bead on an Anthill: A Lakota Childhood Lincoln: U of Nebraska Press. (NF - YA)

Regguinti, Gordon. (1992) The Sacred Harvest: Ojibway Wild Rice Gathering. Photographs by Dale Kakkak. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co., (NF - All ages)

Rendon, Marcie. (1996) Powwow Summer: A Family Celebrates the Circle of Life. Photographs by Cheryl Walsh Bellville. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books. (NF - All ages)

Rockwood, Joyce. (1976) To Spoil the Sun. New York: Henry Holt (HF - M/YA)

Roessel, Monty. (1993) Kinaaldá: A Navajo Girl Grows Up. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co. (NF - All ages)

Roessel, Monty. (1995) Songs from the Loom: A Navajo Girl Learns to Weave. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co. (NF - All ages).

Roessel, Ruth. (1973). Navajo Stories of the Long Walk Period. Tsaile, AZ: Navajo Community College Press. (NF - YA)

Rose, LaVera. (1999) Grandchildren of the Lakota. Photographs by Cheryl Walsh Bellville. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books. (NF - All ages)

Ross, Gayle (1995) How Turtle's Back Was Cracked: A Traditional Cherokee Tale. New York: Dial (TL - E/M)

Ross, Gayle (1996) The Legend of the Windigo. New York: Dial (TL - E/M)

Ruoff, A. Lavonne Brown. (1991) Literatures of the American Indian. New York: Chelsea House (NF - All ages)

Sanderson, Esther. (1990). Two Pairs of Shoes. Pemmican Publications (RF - E).

Savageau, Cheryl. (1996). Muskrat Will Be Swimming. Northland (RF - E/M).

Scott, Ann Herbert. (1992). On Mother's Lap. Clarion (RF - E).

Sekaquaptewa, Eugene. (1994). Coyote & the Winnowing Birds. Clear Light (TL - All ages).

Skolnick, Sharon. (1997) Where Courage is Like a Wild Horse. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. (RF - YA)

Smith, Cynthia. (2000). Jingle Dancer. Morrow Junior (RF - E/M).

Smith, Cynthia (1999). Rain is Not My Indian Name. New York: HarperCollins (RF - E/M)

Smith, Cynthia (2002). Indian Shoes. New York: HarperCollins (RF-E/M)

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk (1995). Completing the Circle. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (Autobiography - YA)

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. (1993). The Chichi Hoohoo Bogeyman. University of Nebraska Press (RF - E/M).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk (1993) The Sioux: A First Americans Book. Holiday House. (NF - All ages).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. (1993). When Thunders Spoke. University of Nebraska Press (F - E/M).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, (1994). The Nez Perce: A First Americans Book. Holiday House. (NF - All ages).

Sneve, Viriginia Driving Hawk (1994). The Seminoles: A First Americans Book. Holiday House. (NF - All ages).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. (1995). High Elk's Treasure. Holiday House (RF - E/M).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, (1995) The Hopis: A First Americans Book. Holiday House (NF - All ages)

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, (1995) The Iroquois: A First Americans Book. Holiday House (NF - All ages)

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. (1995) The Navajos: A First Americans Book. Holiday House (NF - All ages)

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk (1996). The Cherokees: A First Americans Book. Holiday House. (NF - All ages).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, (1996) The Cheyennes: A First Americans Book. Holiday House. (NF - All ages).

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, (1997), The Apaches: A First Americans Book. Holiday House. (NF - All ages).

Steltzer, Ulli. Building an Igloo. New York: Henry Holt, 1995.

Sterling, Shirley. (1997). My Name is Seepeetza. Douglas & McIntyre (RF - M).

Stroud, Virginia. (1994). Doesn't Fall Off His Horse. Dial Books for Young Readers (TL - All ages).

Students of G.T. Cunningham Elementary School (1996). We Are All Related: A Celebration of Our Cultural Heritage. (NF- all ages)

Swamp, Jake. (1997) Giving Thanks: A Native American Good Morning Message. Lee & Low. (P - all ages)

Swentzell, Rina. (1992) Children of Clay: A Family of Pueblo Potters, Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co., 1992.

Talashoema, Herschel; Sekaquaptewa, Emory (Ed.); & Pepper, Barbara (Ed.). (1994). iClear Light. (TL - All ages).

Tapahonso, Luci (1997). Blue Horses Rush In. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. (P/RF - YA)

Tapahonso, Luci. (1999). Songs of Shiprock Fair. Kiva (P - All ages).

Thompson, Sheila. (1991). Cheryl's Potlatch. Yinka Dene Language Institute. (NF - All ages)

Turcotte, Mark. (1995). Songs of Our Ancestors. Chicago: Children's Press (P - All ages)

Van Camp, Richard; ill. by George Littlechild, (1997). A Man Called Raven. Children's Book Press. (RF - E/M)

Van Camp, Richard; ill. by George Littlechild, (1998). What's the Most Beautiful Thing you Know about Horses. Children's Book Press. (RF - E/M)

Velarde, Pablita. (1993) Old Father Storyteller. Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers. (TL - all ages) - includes "Turkey Girl"

Waboose, Jan Bourdeau. (1998). Morning on the Lake. Kids Can Press (RF - E/M).

Waboose, Jan Bourdeau (2001). Sky Sisters. (MF - E/M)

Wallis, Velma. (1993) Two Old Women. New York: HarperPerennial (HF - M/YA)

Walking Turtle, Eagle. (1997). Full Moon Stories. Hyperion (TL - All ages).

Wheeler, Bernelda. (1995). Where Did You Get Your Moccasins? Peguis Publications (RF - E).

Wheeler, Bernelda. (1993). I Can't Have Bannock but the Beaver Has a Dam. Peguis Publications (RF - E).

Whitethorne, Baje. (1994). Sunpainters: Eclipse of the Navajo Sun. Northland (TL - All ages).

Wittstock, Laura Waterman. (1993). Ininatig's Gift of Sugar: Traditional Native Sugarmaking. Photographs by Dale Kakkak. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co. (NF - All ages)

Wood, Ted. (1992). A Boy Becomes a Man at Wounded Knee. Walker and Company. (NF - All ages)

Yamane, Linda. (1997) Weaving a California Tradition: A Native American Basket Maker. Photographs by Dugan Aguilar. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications. (NF - All ages)


Recommended Resources about Native Americans in Children's Literature:

Atleo, M., Caldwell, N., Landis, B., Mendoza, J., Miranda, D., Reese, D., Rose, L., Slapin, B., Smith, C. (1999). A Critical Review of Ann Rinaldi's My Heart is on the Ground: The Diary of Nannie Little Rose, A Sioux Girl. Oyate. <>

Caldwell-Wood, Naomi, and Lisa A. Mitten. (1991) "I" Is Not for Indian: The Portrayal of Native Americans in Books for Young People.

Internet Public Library: Native American Authors. Provides a list of Native American authors, plus a short biography, a list of published works, and links to relevant sites. <>

Kuipers, Barbara. (1991) American Indian Reference Books for Children and Young Adults. Englewood: Libraries Unlimited.

McCann, D. (1993). Native Americans in Books for the Young. In V. Harris (Ed.) Teaching Multicultural Literature in Grades K-8. Norwood, MA: Christopher-Gordon Publishers, Inc.

Mendoza, Jean and Reese, Debbie. (2001). Examining Multicultural Picture Books for the Early Childhood Classroom: Possibilities and Pitfalls. Early Childhood Research and Practice 3 (2), On-line:

Native Books. Native American Indian Resources. This on-line resource contains critical reviews of children's books.

Reese, Debbie A., & Caldwell-Wood, Naomi. (1997). Native Americans in Children's Literature. In V. J. Harris (Ed.), Using Multiethnic Literature in the K-8 Classroom. Christopher Gordon, Inc.

Reese, Debbie. (2001). Representations of Native American Women and Girls in Children's Historical Fiction, in Lehr, Susan. (Ed.) Beauty, Brains & Brawn: Construction of Gender in Children's Literature. Portsmouth: Heinemann.

Reese, Debbie. (1999). Authenticity & Sensitivity: Goals on writing and reviewing books with Native American themes. School Library Journal 45 (11), pp. 36-37. On-line:

Reese, Debbie A. (1998). "Look Mom! It's George! He's a TV Indian!" Horn Book Magazine, 74(5), pp. 636-641.

Slapin, Beverly, & Seale, Doris. (1998). Through Indian Eyes: The Native Experience in Books for Children. University of California American Indian Studies Center.

Smith, Cynthia L. Native American Themes in Books for Children and Teens. <>

Smithsonian Institution. A Critical Bibliography on North American Indians for K-12. An extensive site, arranged by geographical area.

Thompson, M.K. (Sept: 2001) "A sea of good intentions: Native Americans in books for children." The Lion and the Unicorn.


Recommended Professional Resources

Books and websites listed here can help teachers and librarians locate books, do fact checking, and gain insight and awareness of issues related to Native culture and Native perspectives.

Aperture.(1995) Strong Hearts: Native American Visions and Voices. New York: Aperture.

American Indian Library Association website:

Berkhofer, Robert E. (1978). The White Man's Indian. New York: Vintage Books.

Bigelow, Bill. (1998). Rethinking Columbus: The Next 500 Years. Milwaukee: Rethinking Schools.

Cubbins, E.M. (1999) Techniques for Evaluating American Indian Web Sites. An excellent page with substantive information.

Davis, Mary B. (1996). Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing Inc.

Deloria, Phillip. (1998). Playing Indian. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Hirschfelder, Arlene; Molin, Paulette Fairbanks; & Wakim, Yvonne. (1999). American Indian Stereotypes in the World of Children.

Scarecrow Press.

Hoxie, Frederick E. (1996). Encyclopedia of North American Indians. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Reese, Debbie. (1996) Teaching Young Children about Native Americans. ERIC Digest. Urbana, IL: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education. On-line:

Reese, Debbie. (1997). Thoughts on Not Seeing Oneself. Gender and Culture in Picture Books, School of Communication, Information, and Library Studies, Rutgers University [on-line publication] <>.

Reese, Debbie A. (1998). "Native Americans: Recommended Resources" Champaign, IL: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education. On line: (or call 1-800-583-4135 and request free copy).

Seale, Doris, B. Slapin, & C. Silverman. (1998) Thanksgiving: A Native Perspective. Berkeley: Oyate.

Smithsonian Institution. Erasing Native American Stereotypes. An essay based on work done by June Sark Heinrich, Council on Books for Interracial Children, 1977

Stedman, Raymond William. (1982). Shadows of the Indian. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Womack, Craig. (1999) Red on Red: Native American Literary Separatism. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press.


Recommended Music

The CD's listed here are by Native American musicians. Listeners can readily distinguish the difference between Hollywood "Indian music" and music written and performed by Native Americans.

AKA Graffiti Man, Blue Indians, Johnny Damas & Me, three CD's by John Trudell (Santee).

Dream Catcher, flute music of Tokeya Inajin (Kevin Locke), distributed by Earth Beat/Warner Bros.

Heart of the World, by Mary Youngblood, produced by Silver Wave Records.

Heartbeat: Voices of First Nations Women and Heartbeat 2: Voices of First Nations Women,

Honor the Earth Powwow: Songs of the Great Lakes Indians, marketed by Rykodisc.

Letter from the End of the Twentieth Century, Joy Harjo and Poetic Justice, Silver Wave Records.

Mahk Jchi, Ulali, Thrush Records.

Matriarch, Orenda, and Peacemaker's Journey, by Joanne Shenandoah, produced by Silver Wave Records.

Music from a Painted Cave, by Robert Mirabal, Silver Wave.

The Red Road. Bill Miller. Wea/Warner Brothers.

Smoke Signals. Music from the movie, by Miramax, soundtrack by TVT.

Stomp Dance Songs of the Muscogee Nation, Volumes I and II. Indian House.

Talking Spirits: Music from the Hopi, Zuni, Laguna and San Juan Pueblos. Music of the World series.

Under the Green Corn Moon. Native American lullabies in the Voices of Native America series produced by Silver Wave Records.

Weaving the Strands: Music by Contemporary Native American Women, Red Feather Music, 1-800-494-8984.


Recommended Videos

Images of Indians, (1985), Five 30-minute episodes about the way Hollywood depicts and misrepresents Native Americans. Narrated by Will Sampson, (Grades M/YA)

Incident at Oglala. (1992) Documentary about events surrounding the imprisonment of Leonard Peltier. (Grades: YA)

On and Off the Res' with Charlie Hill. (2000). Stand-up comedy from Oneida performance artist, Charlie Hill. (Grades: M/YA)

Pepper's Pow Wow, (1995). Documentary about Native jazz musician, Jim Pepper. (Grades: M/YA)

Pow Wow Highway. (1988) Full-length feature film about the journey of two young men to New Mexico. (Grades: YA)

Smoke Signals, 1999,. Full-length feature film based on Sherman Alexie's book (listed above). (Grades: M/YA)


Children's Literature Page

SCILS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey