Kay E. Vandergrift

Special Interest Page

Art of the Picture Book Page

Culture/Gender Page

Early 19th and 20th century illustrators


Children's book illustration is both an art form in its own right and an integral part of the literary composition of the book as a work of art. To fully appreciate all the styles, media, and techniques represented in children's literature, one must be knowledgeable about art in general as well as about the composition and design of children's books.

Those interested in the work of early children's illustrators are encouraged to visit my pages on early 19th and 20th century illustrators.

 Alderson, Brian. Sing a Song for Sixpence. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, in association with the British Library, 1986.

Alderson, Brian. Ezra Jack Keats: Artist and Picture-Book Maker. Greta, LA: Pelican, 1994.

Allen, Douglas and Douglas Allen, Jr. N.C. Wyeth: The Collected Paintings, Illustrations, and Murals. New York: Bonanza Books, 1972.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye. Berkerley, CA: University of California Press, 1960.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Visual Thinking. London: Faber and Faber, 1969.

Arnheim, Rudolf. The Split and the Structure : Twenty-Eight Essays. Berkely, CA: University of California Press, 1996.

Art and Story : The Role of Illustration in Multicultural Literature for Youth : The Virginia Hamilton Conference. Highsmith Co 1997.

The Art of Eric Carle. New York: Philomel Books, 1996.

Bader, Barbara. American Picture Books from Noah's Ark to the Beast Within. New York: Macmillan, 1976.

Bader, Barbara. The World in 32 Pages: One Hundred Years of American Picturebooks. New York: Winslow, 2001.

Bang, Molly. Picture This: Perception and Composition. Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1992.

Bang, Molly. Picture This: How Pictures Work. New York: Sea Star, 2000.

Barr, John. Illustrated Children's Books. London: The British Library, 1986.

Beckett, Sister Wendy. The Story of Painting. London: Dorling Kindersley in Association with the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994.

Benedict, Susan and Lenore Carlisle, Eds. Beyond Words: Picture Books for Older Readers and Writers. Portsmithm NH: Heineman, 1992.

Bitzer, Lucy Martin, Catalog Editor. The Children's Book Showcase 1974. Spronsored by The Children's Book Council. New York: Children's Book Council, 1974.

Blackburn, Henry. Randolph Caldecott: A Personal Memoir of His Early Art Career. Detroit, MI: Singing Tree Press, 1969. [Reprint of 1886 edition]

Boekhoff, P.M. et al. Dr. Seuss. New York: Gale Group, 2002.

Brenni, Vito Joseph. Book Illustration and Decoration: A Guide to Research. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Brommer, Gerald. Collage Techniques: A Guide for Artists and Illustrators. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1994.

Brown, Marcia. Lotus Seeds: Children, Pictures and Books. New York: Scribner's, 1986.

Brown, Murie and Others, Compilers. Newbery and Caldecott Medalists and Honor Book Winners: Bibliographies and Resource Material Through 1991. 2nd Ed. New York: Neal Schuman, 1992.

Brust, Beth Wagner. The Amazing Paper Cuttings of Hans Christian Andersen. New York: Ticknor and Fields, 1994.

Buzzeo, Toni. Terrific Connections with Authors, Illustrators, and Storytellers: Real Space and Virtual Links. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1999.

Cech, John. Angels and Wild Things: The Archetypal Poetics of Maurice Sendak. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

A Child's Garden of Dreams: An Exhibition of Children's Books and Their Original Illustrations: Early Nineteenth Century to the Present from the Betsy B. Shirley Collection. November 24, 1989 to January 7, 1990. Brandywine River Museum, Chadds Ford, PA. Brandywine Conservancy, 1989.

Children's Book Council. 75 Years of Children's Book Week Posters. Introduction and text by Leonard Marcus. New York: Knopf, 1994.

Cianciolo, Patricia. Illustrations in Children's Books. 2nd Ed. Dubuque, IA: Wm. Brown Co., 1976.

Cianciolo, Patricia. Picture Books for Children. 4th ed. Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 1997.

Contemporary American Illustrators of Children's Books. Essay by A. Hyatt Mayor. October 6 to November 17, 1974. Rutgers University Art Gallery, Voorhees Hall. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, 1974.

Crago, Maureen and Hugh Crago. Prelude to Literacy. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1983.

Crane, Walter. Of the Decorative Illustration of Books Old and New. London: Bell and Hyman, 1979. (First published in 1896.)

Cummings, Pat, Comp. and Ed. Talking With Artists: Volume One. New York: Bradbury Press, 1992.

Cummings, Pat. Comp. and Ed. Talking with Artists: Volume Two. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

Cummings, Pat. Comp and Ed. Talking with Artists, Volume Three. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

Cummins, Julie, Ed. Children's Book Illustration and Design. New York: Library of Applied Design/PBC International 1991.

Dalby, Richard. The Golden Age of Children's Book Illustration. London: Michael O'Mara Books, Ltd., 1991.

Dalley, Terence, Ed. The Complete Guide to Illustration and Design: Techniques and Materials. Secaucus, NJ: Chartwell, 1980.

David, Mary Gould. Randolph Caldecott, 1846-1886. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 1946.

Davidson, Rosemary. Take a Look: An Introduction to the Experience of Art. New York: Viking, 1994.

Davis, Norma S. A Lark Ascends : Florence Kate Upton, Artist and Illustrator.Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1992.

Davis, Robin Works. Big Books for Little Readers. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2002.

Demeude, Hugues and Ruth Sharman, Translator. The Animated Alphabet. Thames and Hudson, 1997.

De Vries, Leonard. The Treasury of Illustrated Children's Books: Early Nineteenth-Century Classics from the Osborne Collection. New York: Abbeville, 1989.

Roger Duvoisin: 1904-1980; The Art of Children's Books. Essay by Ellin Greene. New Brunswick, NJ: Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum/Rutgers University, 1989.

1800 Woodcuts by Thomas Bewick and His School. New York: Dover Books, 1962.

Elleman, Barbara. Virginia Lee Burton: A Life in Art. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Engen, Rodney. Kate Greenaway: A Biography. New York: Schocken Books, 1981.

Engen, Rodney. Kate Greenaway. London: Academy Editions, 1976.

Engen, Rodney. Randolph Caldecott: Lord of the Nursery. London: Oresko Books, 1976.

Engen, Rodney. Walter Crane As a Book Illustrator. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1975.

Faunce, Sarah. Carl Larson. New York: Holt, 1982.

Feaver, William. When We Were Young: Two Centuries of Children's Book Illustration. London: Gollanez, 1976.

Gauley, Sherrie, Ed. Harry Devlin: Illustrations for Children's Literature. New Brunswick, NJ: Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum/Rutgers University, 1990.

Gettings, Fred. Arthur Rackham. New York: Macmillan, 1975.

Graphis. (July 1975). No. 177 (Volume 3). On Children's Book Illustration.

Gilbert, Alma, Comp. Maxfield Parrish: A Treasury of Art and Children's Literature. New York: Atheneum, 1995.

Giroud, Vincent and Maurice Sendak, Curators. Sendak at the Rosenbach: An Exhibition Held at the Rosenbach Museum and Library. April 28-October 30, 1995. Philadelphia, PA: Rosenbach Museum and Library, 1995.

Hall, Patricia. Johnny Gruelle: Creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy. Gretna, LA: Pelican, 1993.

Hands, Nancy. Illustrating Children's Books: A Guide to Drawing, Printing, and Publishing. New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1986.

Hamilton, Charles. The Illustrated Letter. New York: Universe Books, 1987.

Hancher, Michael. The Tenniel Illustrations to the Alice Books. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1985.

Hare, W. John, et al. Tasha Tudor: The Direction of her Dreams. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll, 1998.

Hearne, Betsy. Beauty and the Beast: Visions and Revisions of an Old Tale. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Hobbs, Ann Stevenson. Beatrix Potter's Art. London: Warne, 1989.

Holme, Bryan. The Kate Greenaway Book. New York: Viking Press, 1976.

Hutchins, Michael, Ed. Yours Pictorially: Illustrated Letters of Randolph Caldecott. London: Warne, 1976.

Hudson, Derek. Arthur Rackham: His Life and Work. London: Heinemann, 1960.

Hunt, Peter, Ed. Children's Literature: An Illustrated History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Hunt, Peter. Children’s Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Hurlimann, Bettina. Picture-Book World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Hyman, Trina Schart. Self Portrait: Trina Schart Hyman. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 1981.

Image Maker: An Annual Dedicated to the Consideration of Book Illustration. ed. by Harold Darling and Peter Neumeyer. La Jolla, CA: Green Tiger Press, 1984.

Innocenti, Roberto and Others. Roberto Innocenti: The Spirit of Illustration. Art Services International, 1996.

Jagusch, Sybille A., Ed. Leo Lionni At the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1993.

Johnson, Paul. Pictures and Words Together: Children Illustrating and Writing Their Own Books. Portsmith, NH: Heinemann, 1997.

Joyce, William, et al. The World of William Joyce Scrapbook. New York: HarperCollins, 1998.

Kepes. Gyorgy, Ed. Sign Image Symbol. New York: George Braziller, 1966.

Kepes, Gyorgy, Ed. The Man-Made Object. New York: George Braziller, 1966.

Kepes, Gyorgy, Ed. Module Proportion Symmetry Rhythm. New York: George Braziller, 1966.

Kepes, Gyorgy, Ed. The Nature and Art of Motion. New York: George Braziller, 1965.

Kepes, Gyorgy, Ed. Structure in Art and in Science. New York: George Braziller, 1965.

Kepes, Gyorgy, Ed. Education of Vision. New York: George Braziller, 1965.

Kiefer, Barbara Z., The Potential of Picturebooks: From Visual Literacy to Aesthetic Understanding. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.

Kilborn, Richard. Multi-Media Melting Pot: Marketing When the Wind Blows. London: Comedia Publishing Group, 1986.

Kingman, Lee, Ed. The Illustrator's Notebook. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1978.

Kingman, Lee, Ed. Newbery and Caldecott Medal Books, 1956-1965. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1965.

Kingman, Lee and Others, Eds. Illustrators of Children's Books, 1957-1966. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1968.

Kingman, Lee and Others, Eds. Illustrators of Children's Books, 1967-1976. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1978.

Kingman, Lee, Ed. Newbery and Caldecott Medal Books, 1966-1975. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1975.

Klemin, Diana. The Art of Art for Children's Books. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1966.

Klemin, Diana. The Illustrated Book: Its Art and Craft. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1970.

Knox, Rawle, Ed. The Works of E.H. Shepard. New York: Schocken Books, 1979.

Lacy, Lyn.E. Art and Design in Children's Picture Books: An Analysis of Caldecott Award-Winning Illustrations. Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 1986.

Lanes, Selma G. The Art of Maurice Sendak. New York: Harry Abrams, 1980.

Larkin, David, Ed. The Art of Nancy Ekholm Burkert. New York: Harper and Row, 1977.

Larkin, David, Ed. The Fantastic Paintings of Charles and William Heath Robinson. Toronoto, CA: Peacock Press/Bantam, 1976.

Larkin, David, Ed. The Fantastic Kingdom: A Collection of Illustrations from the Golden Days of Storytelling. New York: Ballantine, 1974.

Robert Lawson, Illustrator. Introduction and Comment by Helen L. Jones. Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1972.

Lewis, David. Reading Contemporary Picture Books: Picturing Text. New York: Routledge/Falmer, 2001.

Lima, Carolyn W. and John A. Lima.A to Zoo: Subject Access to Children's Picture Books. 4th Ed. New Providence, NJ: R.R. Bowker, 1993.

MacCann, Donnarae and Olga Richard. The Child's First Books: A Critical Study of Pictures and Text. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1973.

Mahony, Bertha and Others, Eds. Illustrators of Children's Books, 1744-1945. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1947.

Manna, Anthony L. and Carolyn S. Brodie, Eds. Art and Story: The Role of Illustration in Multicultural Literature for Youth. The Virginia Hamilton Conference. Ft. Atkinson, WI: Highsmith Press, 1997.

Marantz, Sylvia S. Picture Books for Looking and Learning: Awakening Visual Perceptions Through the Art of Children's Books. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1992.

Marantz, Sylvia S. and Kenneth A. Marantz. The Art of Children's Picture Books : A Selective Reference Guide (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, Vol 1636)2nd Edition. New York: Garland Pub., 1995.

Marantz, Sylvia S. and Kenneth A. Marantz. Artists of the Page : Interviews With Children's Book Illustrators. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1992.

Marciano, John Bemelmans. Bemelmans: The Life and Art of Madeline’s Creator. New York: Penguin Putnam, 1999.

Marcus, Leonard. A Caldecott Celebration: Six Artists Share Their Paths to the Caldecott Medal. New York: Walker, 1998.

Martin, Douglas. The Telling Line: Essays on Fifteen Contemporary Book Illustrators. New York: Delacorte, 1989.

Martin, Douglas. Charles Keeping: An Illustrator's Life. Trafalgar Square, 1993.

McDonald, Donna. Illustrated News: Juliana Horatia Ewing's Canadian Pictures 1867-1869. Toronto, CA: Dundurn Press, 1985.

McElmeel, Sharron L. 100 Most Popular Picture Book Authors and Illustrators: Biographical Sketches and Bibliographies. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000.

McLean, Ruari, Ed. The Reminiscences of Edmund Evans. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Mellinger, Bonne E. Children's Interests in Pictures. New York: Teachers College Press, 1932.

Meyer, Susan E. A Treasury of Great Children's Book Illustrators. New York: Harry Abrams, 1983.[Reprinted in 1997]

Mikkelsen, Nina. Words and Pictures: Lessons in Children’s Literature and Literacies. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2000.

Miller, Bertha Mahoney. Caldecott Medal Books: 1938-1957. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1957.

Montanaro, Ann R. Pop-Up and Movable Books: A Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Morgan, Judith. Dr. Seuss & Mr. Geisel: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1997.

Muir, Percy. Victorian Illustrated Books. London: Portman Books, 1989.

Myth, Magic, and Mystery: One Hundred Years of American Children's Book Illustration. Introductory Essay by Michael Patrick Hearn. Essays by Trinkett Clark and H. Nichols B. Clark. Boulder, CO: Robert Rinehart in Cooperation with the Chrysler Museum of Art, 1996.

Nice, Claudia. Creating Textures in Pen and Ink with Watercolor.Cincinnati, OH: North Light Books, 1995.

Noakes, Vivien. Edward Lear: 1812-1888 New York: Harry Abrams, 1986.

Nodelman, Perry. Words About Pictures: The Narrative Art of Children's Picture Books. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1988.

Opie, Iona and Robert Opie and Brian Alderson. The Treasures of Childhood: Books, Toys, and Games From the Opie Collection. New York: Arcade, Little Brown, 1989.

Ovenden, Graham, Editor. The Illustrators of Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. London: Academy Editors, 1972.

The Maxfield Parrish Pop-Up Book. Robert Park, CA: Pomegranate Artbooks, 1994.

Pitz, Henry C. Illustrating Children's Books. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1963.

Pitz, Henry C. A Treasury of American Book Illustration. New York: American Studio Books, 1963.

Polette, Nancy. Picture Books for Gifted Programs. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1981.

Poltarnees, Welleran. All Mirrors Are Magic Mirrors: Reflections on Pictures Found in Children's Books. La Jolla, CA: Green Tiger Press, 1972.

Post, Arden Ruth. Celebrating Children’s Choices: 25 Years of Children’s Favorite Books. Newark, DE: International Reading Association, 2000.

Preiss, Byron, Ed. The Art of Leo and Diane Dillon. New York: Ballantine Books, 1981.

Howard Pyle. Toronto, CA: Peacock Press/Bantam, 1975.

Arthur Rackham's Book of Pictures: With an Introduction by Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch. New York: Avenel Books, 1979.

Paul Rand: A Designer's Art. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985.

Ringgold, Faith. We Flew Over the Bridge: The Memoirs of Faith Ringgold. Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1995.

Ringgold, Faith and Others. Talking to Faith Ringgold. New York: Crown, 1996.

Rosen, Michael J., Ed. Purr . . . Children's Book Illustrators Brag About Their Cats. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace, 1996.

Rosen, Michael J., Ed. Speak!: Children's Book Illustrators Brag About Their Dogs. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace, 1993.

Ryder, John. Artists of a Certain Line: A Selection of Illustrators for Children's Books. London: Bodley Head, 1960.

Schwarcz, Joseph H. Ways of the Illustrator: Visual Communication in Children's Literature. Chicago, IL; American Library Association, 1982.

Schwarcz, Joseph H. and Chava Schwarcz. The Picture Book Comes of Age: Looking At Childhood Through the Art of Illustration. Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 1991.

Schnessel, S. Michael. Jessie Wilcox Smith. New York: Crowell, 1977.

The Secret Art of Dr. Seuss. New York: Random House, 1995.

Schwarcz, Joseph H. and Chava Schwarcz. The Picture Book Comes of Age: Looking at Childhood Through the Art of Illustration. Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 1991.

Dr. Seuss From Then to Now: A Catalogue of the Retrospective Exhibition. New York: Random House, 1986. [Organized by the San Diego Museum of Art]

Sharkey, Paulette Bochnig. Newbery and Caldecott Medal and Honor Books in Other Media. Ed. by Jim Roginski. New York: Neal Schuman, 1992.

Shulevitz, Uri. Writing With Pictures: How to Write and Illustrate Children's Books. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1985.

Silvey, Anita, Ed. Children's Books and Their Creators. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1995.

Smith, Stan and H.F. Ten Holt, Eds. The Illustrator's Handbook. New York: Gallery Books, 1984.

Spaulding, Amy E. The Page As a Stage Set : Storyboard Picture Books. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1995.

Spencer, Isobel. Walter Crane. London: Studio Vista, 1975.

Society of Illustrators.comp. The Very Best of Children's Book Illustration. Cincinnati, OH: North Light Books, 1993.

Stewig, John Warren. Looking at Picture Books. Highsmith Co, 1995.

Tanchis, Aldo. Bruno Munari: Design as Art. Ca,bridge, MA: MIT Press, 1987.

Taylor, Ina. The Art of Kate Greenaway: A Nostalgic Portrait of Childhood. Greta, LA: Pelican, 1991.

Taylor, Judy. That Naughty Rabbit: Beatrix Potter and Peter Rabbit. London: Warne, 1987.

Tudor, Tasha and Richard Brown. The Private World of Tasha Tudor. Volume I. Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1992.

Tudor, Bethany. Drawn from New England: Tasha Tudor. Cleveland, OH: Collins, 1979.

Turner, Robyn Montana. Faith Ringgold. Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1993.

Victorian Color Picture Books. Edited by Jonathan Cott. New York: Stonehill Publishing in association with Chelsea House, 1983.

The Unique World of Mitsumasa Anno: Selected Works 1968-1977. New York: Philomel Books, 1980.

Valenta, Barbara. Pop-O-Mania: How to Create Your Own Pop-ups. New York: Dial, 1997.

Viguers, Ruth Hill and Others, Eds. Illustrators of Children's Books, 1946-1956. Boston, MA: Horn Book, 1958.

Walmsley, Bonnie Brown, et al. Teaching with Favorite Marc Brown Books. New York: Scholastic, 1998.

Ward, Martha Eads. Photography in Books for Young People. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1985.

Weber, Nicholas Fox. The Art of Babar : The Work of Jean and Laurent De Brunhoff. New York: Harry N Abrams, 1995.

Weiss, Jacqueline Shachter. Profiles in Children’s Literature: Discussions with Authors, Artists, and Editors. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2001.

Whalley, Joyce Irene and Tessa R. Chester. The Bright Stream: A History of Children's Book Illustration. Boston, MA: David Godine, 1994.

Wings of an Artist: Children’s Book Illustrators Talk about their Art. New York: Harry Abrams, 1999.

The Wood and the Graver: The Work of Fritz Eichenberg. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1977.

Zwerger, Lisbeth and Susanne Koppe. The Art of Lisbeth Zwerger. New York: North South Books, 1994.


Created July 8, 1997 and is continuously revised.
SCILS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey