This illustration is by W. W. Denslow from a 1903 edition of The New Wizard of Oz

Kay E. Vandergrift


Social History of Children's Literature Page  

In order to provide a context for the study of children's literature an examination of the history of childhood is essential. Various word wide web sites are provided as well as a bibliography of readings to frame this study.


An exhibition at the University Art Museum/Pacific Film Archive, University of California, Berkeley in 1995 on British Art and the Origins of Modern Childhood, 1730-1830.

For a rich resource in the Victorian era this Brown University site by Professor George P. Landow is immense.The Victorian Web

For a detailed list of Latino information in the history of education this site is a treasure house.Education and History

For an excellent history of American education with illustrations visit the project at Indiana University. History of American Education Web Project

A most useful bibliography constructed by Meir Bar-Ilan in Israel is found at this site.Bibliography of Childhood in Antiquity

This is a Dutch site (with English version) that provides excellent and numerous links in the history of education and the history of childhood. Henk van Setten Page of History of Education

A bibliography with abstracts of articles on children in the Middle Ages.Children in the Middle Ages

It is most interesting to examine this 18th century children's costume site.

"Ethnic Images in Toys & Games" is a good exhibition in the Museum of the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies



Aries, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. New York: Knopf, 1962.

Beatty, Barbara. Preschool Education in America: The Culture of Young Children from the Colonial Era to the Present. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Cable, Mary. The Little Darlings: A History of Child Rearing in America. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975.

Cleverly, John, and Philips, D. C. Visions of Childhood: Influential Models from Locke to Spock. Revised Edition. New York: Teachers College Press, 1986.

Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood. Ed. by Allison James and Alan Prout. London: Falmer Press, 1990.

Cunningham, Hugh. Children and Childhood in Western Society Since 1500. New York: Longman, 1995.

Curtis, John Gould. "Saving the Infant Class from Hell," Scribner's Magazine. Volume 86 (1929): 564-570.

De Mause, Lloyd. The History of Childhood. New York: The Psychohistory Press, 1974.

Golden, Mark. Children and Childhood in Classical Athens. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Holland, Patricia. What Is A Child?: Popular Images of Childhood. London: Virago, 1992.

Hoyles, Martin and Phil Evans. The Politics of Childhood. London: Journeyman, 1989.

Humphries, Stephen and Others.. A Century of Childhood. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1988.

Hunt, Felicity, ed. Lessons for Life: The Schooling of Girls and Women 1850-1950. New York: Blackwell. 1987.

Jenks, Chris. Childhood. London: Routledge, 1996.

Kolmer, E. "The McGuffey Readers: Exponents of American Classical Liberalism," The Journal of General Education. Volume 27 (Winter 1976): 309-316.

Lopez, M. D. "A Guide to the Interdisciplinary Literature of the History of Childhood," History of Childhood Quarterly. Volume I (Winter 1974): 463-494.

Opening Texts: Psychoanalysis and the Culture of the Child. ed. by Joseph H. Smith and William Kerrigan. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Rosen, Michael. The Penguin Book of Childhood. New York: Viking, 1994.

Shahar, Shulamith. Childhood in the Middle Ages. Trans. By Chaya Galai. London: Routledge, 1992.

Sommerville, Charles John. The Discovery of Childhood in Puritan England. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Steedman, Carolyn. Strange Dislocations: Childhood and the Idea of Human Inferiority, 1780-1930. London: Virago Press, 1995.

Sutton-Smith, B. "Psychology of Childlore: The Triviality Barrier," Western Folklore. Volume 29 (January 1970): 1.

Tucker, Nicholas. Childhood. Hove, England: Wayland, 1990.

Wachtel, Andrew. The Battle for Childhood: Creation of a Russian Myth. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Ward, Colin and Tim Ward. Images of Childhood in Old Postcards. Stroud, England: A. Sutton, 1991.

West, Elliott and Paula Petrik, eds. Small Worlds: Children and Adolescents in America, 1850-1950. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas, 1992.

West, Mark I. Children, Culture, and Controversy. Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1988.

Wortham, Sue Clark. Childhood 1892-1992. Association of Childhood Education International, 1992.

Zinsser, Judith P. History and Feminism: A Glass Half Full. New York: Twayne, 1993.

Created September 20, 1995 and is continuously revised
SCILS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey