Early Illustrators


Children's Books from

the 19th and 20th Centuries

This illustration is by Arthur Rackham from the first edition of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens

Kay E. Vandergrift


Social History of Children's Literature Page

Illustration bibliography


Illustrator Fact Sheet

In an initial study of an illustrator's work, it may be useful to consider the following:

Personal Data

Primary Techniques Used

Basic Qualities of Work

Major Works Illustrated

Minor Works Illustrated

Primary Sources of Information About this Person and his/her Work.

Of course, the most important aspect of this study is to examine the oldest, rarest, most unusal, or best exemplars of this person's work available to you as well as more contemporary reproductions of that work.

It might prove useful to examine several of the books in the Illustration bibliography website.

List of Illustrators

Boris Artzybasheff (1899 -1965)

Ingri and Edgar Parin d'Aulaire (1904-1980, 1898-1986)

Thomas Bewick (1753-1828)

William Blake (1757-1827 )

Louis Boutet de Monvel (1850-1913)

Leslie Brooke (1862-1940)

Randolph Caldecott (1846-1901)

Palmer Cox (1840-1924)

Walter Crane (1845-1915)

Another walter Crane site

George Cruikshank (1792-1878)

Richard Doyle (1824-1883)

Edmund Dulac (1882-1953)

Eulalie (1895- 1999)

Edward Gorey(1925- )

Kate Greenaway (1846-1901)

Berta and Elmer Hader (1890-1976, 1889-1973)

Arthur Hughes (1832-1915)

Ezra Jack Keats

Dorothy Lathrop (1891-1980)

Robert Lawson (1892-1957)

Henriette Willebeek Le Mair (1889-1966)

Lois Lenski (1893-1974)

Kay Nielsen (1886-1957)

Another Kay Nielsen site

Winsor McCay (1867-1934)

Maxfield Parrish (1870-1966)

Another Maxfield Parrish site

Maud and Miska Petersham (1889-1971, 1888-1960)

Willy Pogany (1882- )

Beatrix Potter (1866-1943)

Howard Pyle (1853-1911)

Another Howard Pyle site

Arthur Rackham (1867-1939)

Charles Robinson (1870-1937)

William Heath Robinson (1872-1944)

Norman Rockwell (1894-1978)

Dr.Seuss (1904-1991)

Ernest Howard Shepard (1879-1976)

Jessie Wilcox Smith (1863-1935)

Another Jessie Wilcox Smith site

Margaret Winifred Tarrant (1888-1959)

Gustaf Tenggren (1896-1970)

Sir John Tenniel (1820-1914)

Tasha Tudor (1915- )

Lynd Ward (1905-1985)

N.C. Wyeth (1882-1945)

Selected List of Titles that May Prove Helpful in Examining Illustration

Bader, Barbara. American Picture books from Noah's Ark to the Beast Within. New York: Macmillan, 1976.

Children's Book Council. 75 Years of Children's Book Week Posters. Introduction & text by Leonard Marcus. New York: Knopf, 1994.

Crane, Walter. Of the Decorative Illustration of Books Old and New. London: Bell & Hyman, 1979. (First published in 1896.)

Feaver, William. When We Were Young: Two Centuries of Children's Book Illustration. London: Gollanez, 1976.

Hunt, Peter, Ed. Children's Literature: An Illustrated History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Image & Maker: An Annual Dedicated to the Consideration of Book Illustration. ed. by Harold Darling and Peter Neumeyer. La Jolla, CA: Green Tiger Press, 1984.

Mahony, Bertha and others. Illustrators of Children's Books 1744-1945. Boston, MA: The Horn Book, 1947.

Muir, Percy. Victorian Illustrated Books. London: Portman Books, 1989.

Myth, Magic, and Mystery: One Hundred Years of American Children's Book Illustration. Introductory Essay by Michael Patrick Hearn. Essays by Trinkett Clark and H. Nichols B. Clark. Boulder, CO: Robert Rinehart in Cooperation with the Chrysler Museum of Art, 1996.

Opie, Iona and Robert Opie and Brian Alderson. The Treasures of Childhood: Books, Toys, and Games From the Opie Collection. New York: Arcade, Little Brown, 1989.

Ovenden, Graham, Editor. The Illustrators of Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. London: Academy Editors, 1972.

Pitz, Henry C. Illustrating Children's Books. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1963.

Victorian Color Picture Books. Edited by Jonathan Cott. New York: Stonehill Publishing in association with Chelsea House, 1983.

Various editions of the Horn Book have been devoted to illustrators. For example, see the Arthur Rackham issue of May-June, 1940 and the Leslie Brooke issue of May-June 1941.

Created September 20, 1995 and is continuously revised
SCILS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey