By Megan Schumann, Rutgers University Communications
A significant minority of Americans lack confidence in the outcome of the 2020 presidential election with more than one-third – primarily Republicans and Trump voters – not believing that the election results were fair, according to a nationwide survey by researchers from Rutgers University–New Brunswick, Northeastern, Harvard and Northwestern universities.
The survey, published by The COVID-19 Consortium for Understanding the Public’s Policy Preference Across States, found that 64 percent of Republicans and 69 percent of Trump voters felt the election was unfair, compared to 11 percent of Democrats and eight percent of Biden voters.
More than two-thirds of Americans, however, trust the U.S. Supreme Court to rule justly and fairly on matters related to the election. Congress and the White House were each trusted by 50 percent of respondents.
“This week, the Supreme Court refused to overturn President-elect Joe Biden's win in Pennsylvania,” said lead author Katherine Ognyanova, an assistant professor at Rutgers’ School of Communication and Information, “which is significant because we found 69 percent of Americans trust the high court the most to handle the election. In recent years, public trust in U.S. democratic institutions has reached near-historic lows.”
The researchers say belief in election fairness and fraud varied across partisanship, age and ethnicity. Fifty-nine percent of respondents said they trust Biden’s handling of the election, while 39 percent said the same about Trump.
Despite overall levels of distrust in the election result, 78 percent of voters nationwide and 70 percent of New Jerseyans were confident that their own ballots were properly counted.
People 65 and older were slightly less likely than other age groups to be concerned about fraudulent voting by mail (52 percent compared with 58 percent for other age groups). People under 25 were least likely to be concerned about illegal votes from non-citizens (45 percent) or interference by foreign countries (54 percent).
White respondents were most likely to be concerned about mail-in fraud (59 percent compared to 51 percent for African and Asian Americans, 55 percent for Hispanic respondents). Black respondents, on the other hand, were the most likely to think voter suppression was a problem (74 percent compared to 65 percent for White respondents, 67 percent for Asian Americans, and 69 percent for Hispanics).
Regarding acceptable reactions to an unfair election, 45 percent of Americans approved of protesting on social media, 38 percent of protesting in person, 18 percent approved of violating laws without violence, and 8 percent of using violence.
The researchers polled 24,019 individuals across all 50 states plus the District of Columbia from Nov. 3-30.
The COVID States Project is a joint project of The School of Communication & Information at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, The Network Science Institute of Northeastern University, The Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy of Harvard University, Harvard Medical School, the Department of Political Science and Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. The consortium has released 28 reports and has charted public opinion related to COVID-19 topics since late April.